Switch to four-day school week slows learning

Switch to four-day school week slows learning

Hurt recedes after a return to full-time schedule

Cambridge, Massachusetts, Might 04, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — College students earn decrease math and studying scores on standardized checks after their colleges swap to a four-day college week, Paul Thompson of Oregon State College stories in a brand new article for Schooling Subsequent. As colleges throughout the nation grapple with a return to in-person education amid pandemic-induced studying loss, the findings supply a cautionary story—but in addition purpose for hope.

Nationwide, even earlier than the pandemic, some 1,600 colleges adopted four-day schedules, most frequently to chop prices. Whereas these colleges prolong educational time through the 4 days they’re open, college students nonetheless lose about three to 4 hours of instruction each week in comparison with college students on a five-day schedule. 4-day colleges common 148 college days a 12 months, effectively beneath the 175-180 common sometimes offered by a standard weekly schedule.

“Lecturers, college students, and households have now skilled radi­cally totally different studying schedules because of college closures and broad adoption of hybrid schedules, which mimic the part-time nature of the four-day college week. Which will stoke curiosity in a four-day schedule and put strain on native college boards to contemplate it. These findings counsel that they proceed with warning,” Thompson writes.

Among the many key findings:

  • Pupil achievement. College students earn decrease math and studying scores on standardized checks after their colleges swap to a four-day schedule. Total losses are equal to almost one-third the dimensions of the affect of getting a bigger class measurement, and equal to shedding 40 minutes of studying instruction and about an hour of math instruction every week. The detrimental results in math are most distinguished in seventh and eighth grades.
  • Developments over time. The detrimental impacts of a four-day schedule develop over time. 4 years after switching to shorter college weeks, math and studying scores fall by 8.8 % and 10.4 % of a regular deviation, respectively. The lasting impacts of the four-day week are minimal for colleges that ultimately swap again to a five-day schedule.

Thompson studied the tutorial efficiency in studying and math of almost 700,000 college students in Oregon—the place roughly one in 10 colleges observe a four-day schedule—over a 15-year interval. He in contrast adjustments in pupil achievement in districts that shifted from a five-day to a four-day week to achievement adjustments in districts that didn’t make the shift.

Concerning the Creator: Paul N. Thompson is affiliate professor of eco­nomics at Oregon State College and a analysis affiliate on the Institute for Labor Economics.

About Schooling Subsequent: Schooling Subsequent is a scholarly journal dedicated to cautious examination of proof relating to high school reform, printed by the Schooling Subsequent Institute and the Program on Schooling Coverage and Governance on the Harvard Kennedy College. For extra data, please go to educationnext.org.

CONTACT: Jackie Kerstetter
Schooling Subsequent
[email protected]

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